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What is Sore Throat:

Sore throat is a pain or irritation in the throat which worsens when you swallow. It is often associated with inflammation of the throat or pharynx. Medically, this condition is called pharyngitis.

It is a contagious condition and the patient should be careful not to spread the infection around. Sore throat is very common and is usually not a serious condition. However, if it exists for a very long duration of time or is associated with certain other symptoms; it could be a sign of serious disease like throat cancer or blockage of airways.

Causes of Sore Throat:

Sore throat can be caused either by viral infections, bacterial infections or some other health condition. Sore throat is most of the time a symptoms to some medical condition than a disease in itself.

Viral diseases that cause sore throat:

  • Measles
  • Chickenpox
  • Common Cold
  • Flu/ Influenza
  • Mononucleosis (Viral infection that spreads through saliva and close contact)
  • Croup (Common viral infection among infant and kids)
  • Tonsillitis

Bacterial infections that cause sore throat:

  • Whooping cough
  • Diphtheria (A respiratory disease which can be life-threatening)
  • Strep throat
  • Infections in the nose and sinuses
  • Epiglottitis (Throat infection that infect a portion of the larynx/ voice box)

Other health conditions that cause sore throat are:

  • Tumors: Tumors of the throat, larynx (voice box) or tongue are usually associated with sore throat
  • Breathing through the mouth makes the throat dry and the condition can be painful
  • Allergies: Allergy patients can get sore throat at the time of attack
  • Sinus drainage
  • Leukaemia (Blood cancer)
  • HIV infection
  • Muscle strain: Talking for long duration at a stretch, yelling or talking to someone in the noisy place can strain the muscles in the throat
  • Acid reflux: GERD or acid reflux can sometimes lead to sore throat
  • Surgeries like Adenoidectomy or Tonsillectomy can cause sore throat
  • Smoking
  • People with low immunity often end up with sore throats
  • Injury or trauma at the back of the mouth

Symptoms of Sore Throat:

  • Difficulty in swallowing
  • Dry throat
  • Pain or itching sensation in the throat
  • Hoarseness in the voice
  • Headache
  • Skin rash
  • Inflammation of the lymph node under the jaw and neck
  • White patches or pus on the tonsils
  • Difficulty opening the mouth

Sore throat in rare cases could be symptom of something seriously wrong. If sore throat is accompanied by following conditions, you should go to the doctor to get diagnosis done:

  • Breathing trouble
  • Body ache
  • Joint pain
  • Fever more than 101 F
  • Lump in the neck
  • Sore throat lasting for more than 10 days
  • Blood in saliva

Home Remedies for Sore Throat:

  • Gargle: Mix little salt to warm water and gargle every hour to reduce the swelling
  • Basil (Hindi: Tulsi): Boil 10-15 basil leaves in a glass of water till the water reduces to half. Cool it down and drink this water several times a day. This is an effective home remedy for curing sore throat
  • Lemon: Make lime juice with 1 tablespoon of honey and a glass of water. Drinking this provides relief from sore throat
  • Apple Cider Vinegar (Hindi: Sirka): Mix 1 tablespoon of ACV, juice of 1/4th lemon, 1 tablespoon honey and a pinch of cayenne pepper (Hindi: Lal Mirch) and add it to a glass of hot water. Drink this 3-4 times a day to cure your sore throat
  • Mango bark: Mix 10ml of fluid extract from the mango bark with 100ml of water. Gargle with this to get relief from sore throat
  • Epsom Salt (Hindi: Sendha Namak): Put 2 teaspoons of Epsom salt in warm water and take bath using this water
  • Chamomile (Hindi: Babunphul): Add 2 teaspoon of chamomile in a cup of boiling water and drink this tea few times a day
  • Cumin seeds (Hindi: Jeera): Add a teaspoon of cumin seeds and some raw garlic to boiling water. Allow this to simmer for 5 minutes and then let it cool. Drain the liquid and sip it through the day
  • Turmeric (Hindi: Haldi): Mix 1 cup hot water, ½ tablespoon salt and ½ tablespoon turmeric and boil it. Let this mixture become lukewarm and gargle with the same twice a day
  • Cinnamon (Hindi:Dalchini): Power cinnamon. Add 1 tablespoon honey, a pinch of pepper, powdered cinnamon to a glass of water and boil it. Drink this to get relief from sore throat
  • Fenugreek (Hindi: Methi): Add fenugreek seeds to water and boil it to make gargle. Use this several times a day
  • Bishop’s weed (Hindi: Ajwain): This is a very effective and simple home remedy for sore throat. Put some bishop’s weed and salt in a glass of water and boil it. Strain the liquid and use the same for gargling your throat
  • Butea leaves (Hindi: Palaash): Make a decoction of butea leaves and gargle with the same. This is a useful and simple home remedy for sore throat
  • Spinach Juice: Drink fresh spinach juice or carrot juice
  • Raspberry: Put 2 tablespoons of dried raspberry leaves to 1 cup of boiling water. Strain the liquid after 10 minutes and gargle with the same. You can also drink this as a tea (do not drink the liquid that you use to gargle). This is an effective home remedy for sore throat
  • Keep your nasal passages clear: Read home remedies for nasal congestion and make sure the nasal passages are clear. If the nasal passages are blocked, you end up breathing through the mouth, making it dry and resulting in sore throat
  • Henna: Use Henna leaves to make tea and drink it
  • Rose petals: Crush handful of rose petals in a glass of water and boil it. Filter the liquid, add some honey to it and have it lukewarm. This gives relief from the pain in sore throat
  • Liquorice (Hindi: Mulhathi/ Jethmalai): Liquorice has healing properties that help in curing sore throat. A small piece of raw liquorice should be chewed or sucked. This releases ingredients that fight against the germs causing sore throat
  • Red Sage Tea: Add 1 tablespoon of dried sage leaves in a cup of boiling water. Cover this for 10 minutes and strain the liquid. Drink this as a tea or add some vinegar and gargle with it 3-4 times a day
  • Tamarind (Hindi: Imli): Tamarind water can be used as a gargle to get rid of sore throat. It is a well known home remedy in India
  • Echinacea (Hindi: Bringaraj): Echinacea has healing properties and is very effective in sore throat
  • Black coffee: Make black coffee with some lemon and honey and drink this few times a day to get relief from sore throat
  • Ginger (Hindi: Adrak): Drink some ginger tea. This is very effective and simple home remedy for sore throat
  • Horseradish: Mix equal amounts of horseradish (either raw or the root), honey and ground cloves. Add this to a glass of warm water and drink it slowly. This is an effective sore throat remedy

Lifestyle and Diet to prevent/ cure sore throat:

  • Take rest. Drink at least 8 hours a day
  • Drink hot liquids throughout the day
  • Keep sucking hard candies. This will keep the mouth and throat moist and will provide relief. Use the sugar-free variety to avoid consuming lots of sugar
  • Keep yourself hydrated by drinking sufficient amount of water
  • Include garlic in your diet. You can keep a clove of raw garlic in your mouth against your teeth as well
  • Humidify your home. However, do not overdo it since bacteria and viruses thrive in humid weather
  • Maintain good hygiene: Wash your hands after and before meals, after using the toilet, after coughing or sneezing.Cough or sneeze into a tissue paper or handkerchief
  • Avoid sharing utensils, towels, food etc
  • Change your toothbrush: Bacteria often collect on the bristles, causing sore throat frequently
  • Avoid taking head bath
  • Keep yourself warm, do not venture in cold weather or expose yourself to cold weather
  • Use alcohol based sanitizers when travelling
  • Avoid triggers that can cause allergies: This includes dust, pollens, pet danders etc
  • Quit smoking and avoid second hand smoke
  • Do not eat cold items like ice creams or refrigerated items
  • Avoid curd or sour food
  • Avoid banana, watermelon, papaya etc that cause cold

 

What is Sunburn:

Sunburn, as the name suggests is the burning of the skin due to exposure to Ultra Violet rays (UV Rays), mostly produced by sun. This could happen because of overexposure to sun or from other sources of radiation like welding arcs, sunbed lamps or germicidal irradiation. The extent of sunburn can depend on the amount of exposure and type of skin. Since most of the UV Rays can pass though the cloud easily, sunburn can happen on a cloudy day as well.

Causes of Sunburn:

UV Rays are divided into 3 types – ultraviolet A (UVA), ultraviolet B (UVB) and ultraviolet C (UVC). UVA and UVB rays reach the earth. Exposure to UVB rays is more harmful since it can cause skin cancer.

Understanding the process of sunburn: Skin contains a dark pigment called Melanin that gives colour to the skin. Skin colour is determined by type, distribution and number of pigment producing cells (melanocytes) in the body. Skin type range from Type I to Type VI (Type I being the one that has very little pigment and Type VI being the one that has many pigments and this is dark).

When someone is exposed to UV Rays, the production of melanin increases to protect the inner layers of the skin from damage. This extra melanin gives the dark colour to the skin which is called suntan.The more melanin body can produce the better protection inner layer of the skin gets. However, production of melanin is genetically determined and cannot be controlled by us. Even a highly pigmented person can get sunburn by overexposure to UV Rays.

Reaction of the skin to sun exposure can be correlated to the skin type through this table:

 

Table explaining skin type and reaction of the skin to sun exposure

Skin Type

Skin Color

Reaction to exposure

Type I

Pale White skin

Never tans, always burns

Type II

White skin

Tans minimally, easily burns

Type III

White skin

Tans easily, burns easily too

Type IV

Wheatish or light brown skin

Tans easily, burns minimally

Type V

Brown skin

Tans easily, burns rarely

Type VI

Black or dark brown skin

Always tans, burns rarely

 

Risk Factors affecting Sunburn:

  • People with fair skin are more likely to get sunburnt because they have lesser melanin in their body
  • Living in sunny regions: People who live in warm, sunny climates are more exposed to sun rays than those in cooler regions. Also, people in the tropical regions, close to the equator are more sunburnt
  • High altitudes: Sun shines strongest at high altitudes places and thus people living in those areas get more affected
  • Being in the sun near cement, sand, snow or water can increase your risk of getting sunburns

Symptoms of Sunburn:

The extent of sunburn depends on various factors like skin tone, level of exposure and previous sunburns. Symptoms of mild sunburn are:

  • Skin Redness
  • Irritation of skin
  • Redness of skin 2-5 hours after exposure to radiation
  • Dry skin with flakes coming out after 4-7 days

Severe exposure can cause symptoms like:

  • Blistering: Blisters on the skin may range from very fine to large water-filled blister with tender, red skin underneath. This can also lead to infection
  • Fever
  • Chill
  • Shocks which results from poor blood circulation in the body
  • Dehydration
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Electrolyte imbalance (Disturbances in the balance of various salts in the body)
  • Accelerated ageing (also called Photoaging)
  • Solar keratoses (rough, scaly patches in over-exposed areas)
  • In extreme cases, sunburn could also lead to Skin Cancer

Home Remedies for Sunburn:

Sunburn remedies are more to give you relief than cure you. Once you have sunburn, there is not much you can do to cure it. However, there could be some relief from the symptoms.

  • Cold Compress: Take a cool bath, shower or apply a damp towel on the affected area. However, do this after the heat from the burn is released. If you need to immediately get into a shower, start with a warm shower till the burning sensation stops. Getting directly into cold shower closes the pores and traps the heat inside making it worse
  • Aloe Vera (Hindi: Ghikumari or Ghrikumari):Applying the thick, gel like juice of aloe vera helps in sunburnt areas. Moisturizing creams that have aloe vera decrease pain, swelling and redness. You can also mix aloe vera with cucumber and plain curd and apply it to the effected areas to get relief from the burn. Apply it 5-6 times a day till you get rid of sunburns
  • Drinking fluids: Sun exposure causes dehydration and fluid loss. Drink lots of liquid, especially water
  • Green Tea: Green tea has many qualities that reduce inflammation and protect one from ultraviolet ray’s damage. Make a cup of green tea and let it cool down. Soak a cloth or gauze in it and apply it on sunburnt areas
  • Potatoes: Potatoes are great pain relievers. Take 2 potatoes, cut them and make a puree of it using blender. Mix some water if it’s too dry and thick. Apply it on the burnt areas, let it air-dry and take a cool shower. You can do this several times a day
  • Mint (Hindi: Pudina): Mix 2 drops of peppermint oil with lukewarm water and apply it on the sunburnt areas. You can also make a peppermint tea and apply it to the effected areas using a cloth/ gauze
  • Cornstarch (Hindi: Makai ka aata): If you are badly burnt, sprinkle cornstarch on your bedsheet to get rid of the pain. Wash of the sheet next morning
  • Don’t break the blisters: Breaking the blisters can slowdown the healing process and increase the risk of infections
  • Let the skin peel off gently: Body would get rid of the damaged skin by peeling it off in 4-7 days. Let it peel and continue using moisturizer during that time
  • Sandalwood (Hindi: Chandan): Sandalwood paste gives relief from burning sensation after sunburns
  • Lettuce: Boil some lettuce, allow it to cool and stain the liquid. Apply it on the affected area using cotton or gauze
  • Apple Cider Vinegar (Hindi: Sirka): ACV is known to cure the blisters. However, do not apply this directly on the affected area since it is very strong. Put a capful in bathing water and bath using the same
  • Tomato and buttermilk: Mix tomato juice with buttermilk (Hindi: Chaas) in 1:6 ratio and apply it on the sunburnt area. This is a simple remedy for sunburn
  • Vitamin E cream or oil: Apply any cream/ oil that has Vitamin E. This is a very effective home remedy for sunburn
  • Mustard Oil (Hindi: Sarson ka tel): Apply some mustard oil on the affected area and leave it for sometime. It removes tan and pulls off heat from the area. This is a simple home remedy to cure tan and sunburn
  • Make a paste of wheat flour (Hindi:Aata), milk, olive oil, honey and egg white. Apply it on the sunburnt face
  • Baking soda: Add few spoons of baking soda to bathing water and soak yourself in it for maximum 15-20mins. Let yourself air-dry.
  • Oatmeal: Adding oatmeal to bathtub also helps in sunburn. Let yourself air-dry after 15min or bath
  • Barley (Hindi: Jau/ Jaw): Mix some barley with curd and turmeric and apply it on the sunburnt area to get relief
  • Milk: Dip a cloth in milk and apply it on the sunburnt area to get relief from the burning sensation and pain

Sunburn prevention guidelines:

  • Wear sunglasses when outdoors: Chose sunglasses that block sunlight from all angles. Also, see that you chose one that prevents 99 to 100% of all UV Rays
  • Sunscreen: People often make mistake of using sunscreen less frequently and in lesser amount. Use sunscreen liberally, that too of SPF 15 or greater. Sunscreen should be reapplied every 2 hours and even more when you are swimming or on beaches
  • Avoid going out between 11am to 4pm when the UV Rays are more intense
  • Protective clothing: Wear broad brimmed hat and clothes that cover your body

 

What is Teeth Discoloration:

Teeth coloration is the blackening of teeth or stains on teeth. Tooth whitening is required when the teeth starts becoming black or when black spots develop on the teeth. Black teeth can be an unpleasant condition.

Causes of Black Teeth:

There are various reasons that lead to black teeth, ranging from bad dental habits to serious medical conditions. Some of the reasons people have undesirable black teeth are:

  • Smoking and chewing tobacco lead to black or brown teeth. In long run, they also cause oral cancer
  • Red wine, tea and food that have strong colouring
  • Bad Oral hygiene: This is one of the most common causes of black teeth
  • Tooth decay: In medical terms, this is called dental caries. When a person does not brush regularly or properly, bacteria tends to accumulate in the groves on the surface or in between the crevices of the tooth. Over a period of time, structures of the tooth starts getting demineralised, caries become soft and lead to black tooth
  • Nerves and blood vessels inside the tooth getting damaged. This usually happens if the tooth gets knocked out in some accident etc.
  • One of the less common causes of black teeth is an antibiotic called tetracycline, which is given to infants whose teeth are still developing (under the age of eight). This can result in a yellow tinge in their adult tooth
  • Decreased saliva output: Saliva plays a major role in the removal of dental plaque and food debris from the mouth. Decreased saliva can be caused because of diseases like salivary obstructions, infections in the mouth, head and neck radiation therapy for cancer, chemotherapy and/or multiple medications
  • Consumption of Paan (a combination of Betel leaf, areca palm and lime) results in black-red stains on the teeth
  • Industrial exposure to silver, iron and manganese can cause black spots on the teeth
  • Some dental materials used for amalgam restorations leave greyish black colour in the tooth
  • Age: As we grow old, outer layer of the enamel gets worn away and teeth start getting yellow in colour

Home Remedies for Black Teeth:

  • Strawberries: Apply mashed strawberries on your teeth or rub the whole fruit against your teeth. It is a natural teeth whitening agent. However, make sure your brush your teeth immediately after applying strawberries to remove the sugar in the fruit from your enamel
  • Baking soda: This is the easiest and one of the most effective home remedies for removing blackness on the teeth. Dip the toothbrush into a small amount of baking soda and scrub the front surfaces of the teeth for 2 minutes. Wash it off with clean water. Don’t be harsh on the teeth since this could lead to scratching off the enamel
  • Mustard oil: Mix a few drops of mustard oil with a pinch of salt and rub it on the discoloured teeth. This removes black stains. However, this can produce stinging sensation to the gums
  • Wood ash: Wood ash is one of the natural whitening agents for the teeth. However, hard wood ash is also abrasive and should be used sparingly
  • Add one tablespoon salt to half a cup of white vinegar. Wash your teeth with this solution before going to the bed every night. Few days of application will make your teeth white
  • Rubbing the black teeth with the bark of walnut tree also removes the stain
  • Rub teeth with the inner part of the orange peel
  • Make a paste of baking soda and toothpaste and spread this on the aluminium foil. Apply this foil on the teeth and leave it for an hour. Brush the teeth after removing the foil. Applying this natural cure twice a week would give you white shining teeth
  • Apple cider vinegar (Hindi: Sirka): ACV is known to remove tooth stains. Brush your teeth with ACV every night
  • Eat apple, carrot or celery after your meal to remove the yellow stains on the teeth
  • Gargle your mouth with half tablespoon of rock salt every night
  • Gargle with a capful of peroxide and rinse the mouth thoroughly after brushing your teeth. Make sure you DO NOT swallow peroxide
  • Olive Oil: Rub olive oil with the help of a cotton or sponge to get sparkling teeth over a period of time
  • Bay Leaves (Hindi: Tej Patta) and orange peel: Grind orange peel and bay leaves together and rub it on your teeth with cotton or your finger
  • Clove Oil: Put a drop of clove oil on the toothbrush before brushing your teeth

Dental Hygiene and Care:

  • Don’t use lemon or any citric substances to clean your teeth. Vitamin C reduces calcium on the teeth and makes them susceptible to decay
  • Brush you teeth twice a day with a soft bristled toothbrush firmly but not forcefully (place the toothbrush against the gums at 45 degrees and rotate the brush in a slow circular motion). Ideal brushing is for 2 to 3 minutes
  • Change your toothbrush every 3 to 4 months
  • Use toothpaste that contains floride
  • Avoid drinks that are too hot or too cold
  • Do not drink excess coffee, tea, soda, carbonated drinks, and red wine
  • Do not smoke excessively. Better still, quit smoking
  • Rinse your mouth thoroughly after brushing the teeth and every time you eat
  • Clean your tongue after brushing
  • Do not use fingernails to remove tooth stains. It does more damage than good
  • Floss regularly to remove food particles and plaque
  • Use mouth fresheners to have a fresh breath
  • Visit a dentist every six months. If you do not have any dental problems, you can extend this to a year

Diet Suggestions to avoid teeth discoloration and decay:

  • Avoid having food or snacks just before going to sleep
  • Avoid food with high sugar content
  • Eat lots of fresh fruits and green vegetables
  • Drink plenty of water. Ensure that the mouth is always hydrated in order to prevent bad breath
  • Include dairy products in your diet. They have lactic acid which decreases gum diseases and maintains teeth health. Milk and hard cheeses like cheddar are better than soft cheeses
  • White drinking beverages that have strong colours, use a straw. The straw allows food dyes to bypass teeth

 

What is Tonsillitis:

Tonsillitis is the inflammation of tonsils caused by infection. Tonsils are organs located in the back of the mouth and top of the throat. At one time, it was believed that tonsils are useless organs. However, they are now known to be the first one to filter out bacteria and other germs entering the body through the passage of mouth, nose or throat. They are more active in children and shrink in size with age. Sometimes these tonsils get infected which results in swelling. Tonsillitis is very common in children though it can affect adults as well.

Causes of Tonsillitis:

Tonsillitis is usually caused by virus. However, it can also be caused by bacteria or fungi. Following are the common causes of tonsillitis:

  • Contact with the infected person: Though airborne droplets, kissing or hand contact
  • Epstein-Barr virus that causes glandular fever
  • Strep throat
  • Respiratory viruses like cold and flu viruses
  • Repeated throat infections
  • Using high pitch voice for a long time
  • Eating excessive sweets, toffees, tamarind, chewing gum

Symptoms of Tonsillitis:

  • Chills and fever
  • Sore throat that lasts for more than 48 hours. Pain may even spread to ears
  • Difficulty in swallowing
  • Headache
  • Swollen tonsils often coated or having white spots on them
  • Change in voice. In cases of severe infection, you may find it difficult to talk or loss of voice
  • Bad breath
  • Vomiting
  • Loss of appetite
  • Abdominal pain
  • If tonsillitis is caused because of bacterial infection, you can have skin rash
  • Swollen lymph glands under the neck and jaws

Complications in Tonsillitis:

Though tonsillitis is very common and complications happen only in rare cases, it should not be ignored. In severe cases, it could lead to following complications:

  • Blood poisoning
  • Rheumatic fever
  • Quinsy (pus-filled swelling in the throat)
  • Middle ear infection
  • Swelling in the face and neck, blocking the airways thus causing breathing troubles. This can lead to sleep apnoea or disturbed sleeping patterns
  • Glomerulonephritis (inflammation of the kidneys)
  • Lemierre's syndrome

Home Remedies for Tonsillitis:

  • Gargle: Gargling with lukewarm salt water is one of the simplest home remedies to get relief from the swelling of tonsils. Do this several times a day
  • Lemon: Squeeze fresh lime juice, pinch of salt and 4 tablespoons of honey in a glass of warm water. Sip this slowly to get relief in tonsillitis
  • Fenugreek (Hindi: Methi): Put 2 tablespoons of fenugreek seeds in a litre of water and let it simmer for 30 minutes. Let this cool. Use this to gargle several times a day. This has soothing effect in tonsillitis
  • Sweet Violet or Banaphsha flower: Add 12 grams of sweet violet flower in 50ml of milk. Filter this liquid hot and drink it like tea. Keep the filtered flowers and fry them lightly in ghee. Bundle this up in a soft cotton cloth and wear it around your neck in the night to soothe the inflamed tonsils. This is very effective home remedy for tonsillitis
  • Turmeric powder: Put a pinch of turmeric powder and a pinch of pepper powder in a glass of warm milk and drink it before sleeping in the night. Doing this for 3-4 days will give you relief from tonsillitis
  • Chamomile (Hindi: Babunphul): Make a chamomile tea adding some lemon and honey. Sip this to get relief from the swelling
  • Figs (Hindi: Anjeer): Make a paste of water and boiled figs and apply it on the tonsils to get relief from the swollen tonsils. You can add honey to the stewed figs and have it as syrup. It is ideal to provide relief from the hoarseness
  • Sage: Dip 2 tablespoons of sage in 2 cups of water and let it boil till sage is soft. Place the boiled sage leaves in a soft cotton cloth/ flannel and wrap it around the throat. Place another similar cloth in the water and wrap that too around the throat. Replace the outer cloth with warm cloth (dipped in the liquid) every few minutes to keep the first cloth application warm. This helps in subsidizing the pain and swelling
  • Mustard (Hindi: Sarson): Mix some mustard powder in hot water and simmer for 10 minutes. Gargle with this liquid. It rinses the whole mouth and flushes out the germs
  • Apple Cider Vinegar (Hindi: Sirka): Gargle with some salt and ACV in warm water.
  • Vegetable juices: Cucumber, carrot and beetroot juices are known to be very beneficial during tonsillitis. They can be consumed individually or as a mixture. If taken in combination, keep the proportion as 1:3:1 (Cucumber: carrot: beetroot)
  • Acacia bark (Hindi: Babul tree): Make a decoction of Acacia bark by putting some bark in boiling water. Let it simmer for sometime. Add some salt in it and use the liquid to gargle. This is known to be a very effective home remedy for enlarged tonsils
  • Alum (Hindi: Saurashtri or Phitkari): Gargle with purified alum in lukewarm water. You can also put dry alum powder on your neck to get relief from the swelling
  • Vitamin C: Vitamin C rich diet is very effective in treating tonsillitis. Orange juice, lime, broccoli, bell peppers, tomato etc should be consumed at the time of infection
  • Epsom Salt (Hindi: Sendha Namak): Put 2 tablespoons of Epsom salt in your bath water. This is an effective remedy to soothe the inflamed tonsils
  • Basil (Hindi: Tulsi): Boil 2-3 basil leaves with a glass of milk and add a pinch of turmeric. Drink this hot to get relief from tonsillitis
  • Mint (Hindi: Pudina): Add few mint leaves to lukewarm water and gargle with the same. This helps in curing tonsillitis
  • Check out the sore throat remedies

Diet and Lifestyle during Tonsillitis:

  • Stay hydrated: Drink water, soups and juices in plenty. They provide adequate vitamins and minerals required by the body to fight the germs
  • Sleep at least 8 hours every night
  • Quit smoking. Even second hand smoke could be irritating to the throat
  • Avoid spicy, junk, sour and acidic food. This would include curd, buttermilk, pickles etc
  • Maintain good hygiene: Tonsillitis can be contagious and make sure you maintain good hygiene
  • Talk less and give some rest to your throat